NORDIC COUNTRIES (NORWAY - SWEDEN - FINLAND)

威尼斯建筑双年展2021- 天然元素
Biennale Architettura 2021- Nature

新冠疫情是暂时的,但全球变暖、移民、社会不公等问题是需要持续探索解决的。
The pandemic is temporary, more recently rapidly changing social norms, growing political polarization, climate change, and vast global inequalities are making us ask this question more urgently and at different scales than before.

Hashim Sarkis

2021 年威尼斯建筑双年展以 115 种不同的方式回应“我们将如何共同生活”,于 2021 年 5 月 22 日在线下对公众开幕。“进一步向世界开放“,作为一个永恒同时又与当前世界状况息息相关的话题融合,产生了一个集体的构想,突出了世界渴望相互交融的共同愿望。构建出一种能反映出势不可挡的,未来的建筑叙事,这一审视的观点于2019年首次提出,在新冠疫情,这一让世界运转停顿的大环境,也使得链接国际这一提倡的关联性再次提高。凭借对工艺的不断推动与热爱,建筑展览在万众瞩目下敞开大门,并在策展手段中反复强调品质。

自然元素的使用和新材料的探索,灵感源自于周围动植物群与本土实践,相应当今环境问题发起的挑战,塑造“回归自然”的现象。事实上,阿联酋馆的“湿地”,表达了水泥的可替代,通过探索利用当地海盐作为传统的建筑材料,创造出大型样本;而丹麦馆“链-接”则着眼于水的元素,创造出一个水循环系统,连接人与自然,意在强调“我们与世界共同构成一个循环体”的信息。

The 17th International Architecture Exhibition runs from 22 May to 21 November 2021, curated by architect and scholar Hashim Sarkis. “We need a new spatial contract. In the context of widening political divides and growing economic inequalities, we call on architects to imagine spaces in which we can generously live together”, Sarkis has commented.The International Exhibition includes 112 participants from 46 countries, with a growing delegation from Africa, Latin America and Asia and with a wide female representation. The Exhibition is organized into five scales, three are exhibited in the Arsenale and two in the Central Pavilion: Among Diverse Beings, As New Households, As Emerging Communities, Across Borders, As One Planet.

Several country pavilions explore the relationship between nature and living, using eco-friendly locally source material to bring across the narrative of  living together. Here’s some of the highlights. 

 
 

Nordic Countries (Norway - Sweden - Finland)

What We Share. A model for cohousing

The exhibition What We Share. A model for cohousing is a full-scale section of a prospective cohousing project. Here, Norwegian architects Helen & Hard challenge residents to share elements of their private lives, with each other and with the public. The result is a tectonic and politically charged shared space, a model for how to simultaneously build a community and a sustainable living environment. The project uses a sustainable, innovative, open-source solid-timber construction system. The artist Anna Ihle, a resident of Vindmøllebakken, explores the political dimensions of sharing in a video work.

United Arab Emirates

Wetland

Prior to the pandemic, we started looking into sabkhas, a sturdy ecosystem of natural salt flats nascent to the United Arab Emirates. This inspired us to explore a renewable resource for construction, one that can replace Portland cement.The crystallisation of salt in the sabkhas offers a blueprint for an alternative to Portland cement, the production of which accounts for 8% of global carbon dioxide emissions. Together with a group of scientists in Tokyo, Abu Dhabi, and Sharjah, we have been working on reproducing the crystallisation process of the Sabkha ecosystem. The results of our ongoing quest for a renewable building material is presented at the pavilion.

United States of America

American Framing

Reportedly originating in 1832 with George Washington Snow’s balloon-framed warehouse, softwood construction offered a solution to the need for a variety and large number of buildings during America’s westward expansion. The availability of the principal material, simplicity of construction, an ability to be built by low- or unskilled workers, and the growing economies and populations of the Midwest led to the proliferation of an architecture that has since dominated the American built landscape. The exhibition tells a story of an architectural project that is eager to choose economy over technical knowledge, and accepting of relaxed ideas towards craft. This desire plays out in a full-scale addition to the pavilion building itself: completing the 1930s US Pavilion, with America’s ubiquitous domestic project, the wood-framed houses.

Denmark

con-nect-ed-ness

All life depends on water. Water exists everywhere on the planet in a dynamic cycle that the exhibition con-nect-ed-ness links to. Water collected from the roof of the pavilion is made visible and tangible and flows through the exhibition – who knows where it has been before and where it will go next? Who knows what other bodies, countries, and centuries it has passed through? The cyclical flow and immanent boundlessness of water tie past, present, and future together and preclude any possibility of isolating ourselves from each other, acknowledging that we are connected. The water carries time, disaster, life, and others. It flows through our shared spaces.

Gran Duchy of Luxembourg

Homes for Luxembourg

The Luxembourg contribution to the 17th International Architecture Biennale is an exhibition reflecting on the relationship between architecture and land, urban and rural , interior and exterior, home and work/study, built environment and nature. The modular installation in the Sale d’Armi and several contributions to the architecture magazine Accattone explore forms of reversible living, offering a vision for a model of repurposing land as a new urban commons, providing new forms of togetherness.

Kingdom of Bahrain

In Muharraq: The Pearling Path

In Muharraq, the UNESCO World heritage site Pearling, Testimony of an Island Economy relates the unique legacy of Bahrain’s pearling era through the architecture and urban heritage of the old city as well as three oyster beds. The project is an ongoing work in progress that adapts itself to the challenges of a changing city, and to reinventing the city within its existing footprint. The exhibition presents both the results and the process of making, through models, objects, minutes of meetings, artefacts, drawings, and conversations, showing the project in its current state. It explores the challenges in reviving the memory of pearling, as a backdrop to a culturallyled development approach and as a binder between the physical makings of the city and its identity, and questions whether pearls, oysters, coral stones, cars, and humans can sustainably and generously cohabit in the city today.

Japan

Co-ownership of Action: Trajectories of Elements

A wooden Japanese house slated for demolition will be moved to Venice for exhibition. However, the house as displayed here will not be in its original form. Dismantled for shipping, it will reappear in new configurations created on-site by architects and artisans, adding new or local materials and elements in the process. In other words, the exhibition will be a chimeralike installation that combines old and new materials in a composite of creative efforts by multiple architects and artisans: architecture as the product of a chain of diverse yet collaborative actions.

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